Investigation of Palm Fatty acid Distillate Oil as an Alternative to Petrochemical-Based Lubricants
Source: Journal of Oil Palm Research. Vol.26, March 2014 | Author: Iman Golshokouh; S Syahrullail; Farid Nasir Ani; H H Masjuki
Subject: Flash temperature parameter, Four-ball tribotester, Friction, Palm fatty acid distillate, Wear scar diameter


The development and application of new sources of lubricant/hydraulic oils for industrial use are rapidly increasing.


The devel­op­ment and appli­ca­tion of new sources of lubricant/hydraulic oils for indus­trial use are rapidly increas­ing. This study inves­ti­gated the lubri­cant and hydraulic prop­er­ties of palm fatty acid dis­til­late (PFAD) as a new, environmental-friendly and renew­able source of lubri­cant and hydraulic oil in dif­fer­ent loads and in a stan­dard indus­trial man­u­fac­tur­ing con­di­tion. A four-ball tri­bo­tester, dig­i­tal micro­scope, charge-coupled device (CCD) cam­era and vis­cos­ity meter were used for the inves­ti­ga­tion. The exper­i­ments were done at con­stant speed (1200 rpm), tem­per­a­ture (75°C) and at run­ning time (60 min), and under five dif­fer­ent load­ing means, 200, 300, 392, 500 and 600 N. The main phys­i­cal prop­er­ties of PFAD: anti­wear, anti-friction, flash tem­per­a­ture para­me­ter, the coef­fi­cient of fric­tion, wear scar diam­e­ter, vis­cos­ity and extreme pres­sure con­di­tion, were mea­sured and the results obtained were com­pared to the phys­i­cal prop­er­ties of min­eral lubricant/hydraulic oil. The results show that the PFAD oil has more lubri­cant abil­i­ties with regard to fric­tion and wear than the com­mer­cial engine and hydraulic oils at var­i­ous loadings.

Read full article at JOPR - Vol.26, March 2014

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